At 13, Marc accompanied high school students from the Toronto Catholic District School Board to volunteer with leprosy patients in the slums of Jamaica. Then, after first-year university, he taught English to street children in Bangkok, Thailand, and volunteered at the city’s only free AIDS hospice.
Younger brother Craig’s trips are better known. At 12, he traveled to South Asia to meet children laboring in factories and kilns and those living on the streets. The details are shared in classrooms and documented in textbooks around the world.
These trips shaped the early work of WE Charity, and also sparked a passion to take friends and other youth to volunteer overseas so they, too, could have similar life-changing experiences.
Craig and Marc took the first young travellers to build WE Charity’s first schools, in India, Nicaragua and Kenya.
These early trips were true adventures. One time, a wheel fell off a lorry as it rumbled over rocks and ruts to Kenya’s Maasai Mara, stranding the group for hours. On a trip to India, a bunch of teens loaded into two rickshaws at the Calcutta airport. Their drivers took off in opposite directions and both groups feared they’d never see the other again.
Craig and Marc started these international volunteer trips because they couldn’t find a provider that would take youth under 18. When they asked the WE Charity Board of Directors to set up a volunteer travel program, they politely declined.
Because of the laws in Canada, a Board of Directors would have had to assume all risks and potential liability if something went wrong. For our Board of Directors, some of who were notable philanthropists, it was too great a liability to assume. And according to Canadian law, if a participant pays for them or a family member to participate on an international volunteer trip (excluding the rare case when philanthropists provide scholarships for someone else), it is a “personal benefit”, rather than a charitable activity eligible for a tax receipt.
At that point in time, the designation “social enterprise “ did not exist. So in 1999, the brothers incorporated a small company to run volunteer trips and leadership camps. They called it Leaders Today, and it was the precursor to ME to WE. Any profits at the end of the year were given to children as scholarships.
WE Charity continued to grow internationally, but Craig and Marc struggled to find a sustainable funding source.
This problem came into sharp focus in 2006, while they were in Freetown Port, Sierra Leone, waiting for a shipment of medical supplies to support WE Charity development projects in that country.
Waiting on the docks, the brothers watched other international charities, depleted of funds, prepare to ship out. One dejected aid worker explained why everyone was leaving. “When is the last time you saw a celebrity telethon for Sierra Leone?”
Charities often lurch from crisis to crisis, desperately trying to help during humanitarian emergencies, but rarely staying long enough to empower people to help themselves for the long term. Another humanitarian disaster had caught the wave of goodwill and it was time for many to move on.
Craig and Marc realized they needed a new model to support the long-term, charitable goals of WE Charity as well as crucial behind-the-scenes needs that few wanted to fund, such as administration, research, and monitoring and evaluation activities. The seeds of that new model lay in the trips that Leaders Today was operating.
In their search for a sustainable funding source for WE Charity, Craig and Marc were fortunate to be mentored by billionaire Jeff Skoll, eBay’s first president. He decided to deploy his fortune in groundbreaking models of social impact, with a special emphasis on social enterprise and innovative social entrepreneurship. As an example, he is the founder of Participant Media, an award-winning and profitable film and media business that has a social mission baked into its DNA.
Jeff had at first tried to make an impact solely through traditional philanthropy, but then he saw the power of social enterprise — in this case, an Oscar-winning documentary he’d produced called An Inconvenient Truth — to create profits as a recurring revenue source for future projects, but more importantly, shape the conversation on an import social and environmental issue.
Jeff, who also hailed from the Toronto area, encouraged the brothers to grow Leaders Today into a social enterprise, with a social mission at its heart that would turn a profit in order to provide a long-term, predictable source of funding to WE Charity.
In one fateful conversation, Jeff pointed out that Marc has a law degree and Craig has an MBA, and their projects overseas were sustainable, so why couldn’t the overall charity achieve sustainable funding? Imagine the day when ME to WE could generate enough income to cover all administration costs for WE Charity? (Jeff also jokes that he hoped that by sustaining the charity with a social enterprise Craig and Marc would stop pestering him for continuous funding of WE Charity!)
With Jeff as a mentor, Leaders Today transformed into ME to WE to become a fast- growing social enterprise. Jeff provided start-up capital to help bring the vision to scale, including the building of the Bogani Cottages in Kenya’s Maasai Mara so adults and corporate groups had a place to stay when they visited. He also provided seed money to start ME to WE Artisans to support the Massai mamas. His continued and generous financial support has allowed for investment in the administration, growth, and scaling of ME to WE.
ME to WE would offer sustainable products and life-changing experiences that would change forever the way consumers shop, travel and learn. And ME to WE would help sustain WE Charity. The funds ME to WE donated to WE Charity enabled it to have an extremely low administration rate (of 10 per cent) compared to other Canadian charities.
It also meant that Craig and Marc would, for the first time, earn a salary. The brothers had always refused to be paid from the funds donated to WE Charity, and they’d been living on fellowships and scholarship money, as had many of the early volunteers with WE Charity, who were so dedicated to its mission. Funding support from ME to WE enabled Craig and Marc to continue on as full-time employees for both organizations.
ME to WE’s mission is largely to help financially support the work of WE Charity. It has given over $6 million in cash and $10 million in in-kind contributions to the organization. The cash contributions have been well documented in our audit process. For example, targeted donations from ME to WE are made to cover the rent of WE Charity’s main office headquarters, among other expenses.
ME to WE retail products now also offer ‘Track Your Impact’ to show consumers what their purchase provided to WE Charity. Through this model, consumers can see exactly what their dollars provided, and where the donation was delivered. For example, the purchase of a ME to WE backpack might fund education for a child in Sierra Leone for one year.
ME to WE was created out of necessity and with great care. In countries such as the United Kingdom, charities can form separate for-profit trading companies to generate revenue to meet charitable goals. In Canada, (unlike the UK for example), the social enterprise model is relatively new and does not have a legal designation.
Corporate lawyers at two of Canada’s top law firms, Torys and Miller Thomson, donated hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of subsidized legal support in setting up the structure, governance model and reporting requirements to create the proper systems between WE Charity and ME to WE.
To ensure that the relatively new concept of social enterprise met Canadian legal requirements, the distinct and separate governance and legal structure of WE Charity and ME to WE was reviewed and given formal approval by the Public Guardian Trustee of Ontario, as well as by the Ontario Superior Court. Retired Supreme Court Justice Peter Corey
also conducted a formal review, as did The Right Honourable John Turner, former Prime Minister and corporate lawyer, through his firm. Although most of these steps were not necessary, we wanted to go above and beyond as we broke ground in Canada by setting up a social enterprise.
ME to WE maintains separate financials, governance and headquarters from its charitable partner, WE Charity. In addition, there are regular oversight practices in place to ensure the proper relationships between both groups. The chair of WE Charity’s Board of Directors participates on the ME to WE Board of Directors, to ensure that ME to WE acts in the interests of WE Charity. In addition, the Chief Operations Director of ME to WE presents twice yearly to WE Charity’s full Board of Directors providing a detailed overview of all aspects of the relationship.
Charitable transfers from governments and public donations in Canada and many countries are declining, and social enterprises have the potential to provide a sustainable source of funding.
We were very fortunate to have the help of so many to create the social enterprise, ME to WE. We know others may not find the same support. So we hope that the federal and provincial governments will establish a legal definition for social enterprise to encourage their development and growth.
We remain grateful for the many hours our mentors and advisors spent in the creation of ME to WE, including Jeff Skoll, the lawyers from Torys and Miller Thomson, The Honorable John Turner, (retired) Justice Peter Corey, and many others. We are also thankful to those who have studied and celebrated this model, including honoring us with the Ernst & Young Social Entrepreneur of the Year Award. We also want to thank our continued advisors and leaders in the space of social enterprise, including Tania Carnegie of KPMG, Dr. Jason Saul of Mission Measurement, and The Right Honourable Paul Martin.
We are proud of ME to WE as a leading social enterprise and excited to see the future growth of social enterprise in Canada.